8 Lifestyle Changes to Support Bone Health

Our bones are the foundation of our bodies, providing structure, support, and protection. As we age, however, our bones become more brittle and susceptible to fractures, making it essential to take steps to maintain bone health. In this article, we will explore some healthy habits that can help support strong bones, from proper nutrition to exercise and lifestyle choices.

1. Get Enough Calcium and Vitamin D

Bone support vitamins are essential for keeping bones strong and healthy. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium, and vitamin K helps the body use calcium for bone density. Calcium and phosphorus are essential for bone formation and maintenance, while magnesium is important for bone strength. Adequate levels of these vitamins are important for promoting healthy bones and reducing the risk of osteoporosis.

2. Incorporate Weight-Bearing Exercise

Exercise is essential for maintaining bone health, as it helps build and strengthen bones. Weight-bearing exercises, such as walking, jogging, and weightlifting, are particularly beneficial for bone health. These types of exercises put stress on the bones, which helps stimulate the growth of new bone tissue. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, adults should aim for 30 minutes of weight-bearing exercise at least three times a week.

3. Quit Smoking

Smoking is harmful to bone health, as it can interfere with the body’s ability to absorb calcium and reduce bone density. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, smokers are at a higher risk of fractures and take longer to heal from fractures than non-smokers. Quitting smoking can help improve bone health and reduce the risk of fractures.

4. Limit Alcohol Consumption

Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to lower calcium absorption, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Additionally, alcohol can interfere with the body’s ability to produce vitamin D, which is essential for strong bones. Therefore, limiting alcohol consumption to no more than two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women is recommended for optimal bone health.

5. Get Enough Protein

Protein is essential for bone health as it helps build and maintain muscle, which is essential for strong bones. Eating a balanced diet that includes a variety of proteins such as lean meats, fish, eggs, dairy, legumes, and nuts will ensure that you are getting enough protein. Additionally, it is important to make sure that you are consuming enough calcium and vitamin D, as they are essential for healthy bones.

6. Reduce Sodium Intake

Excessive sodium intake can be harmful to bone health, as it can lead to the loss of calcium from bones. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, adults should aim for less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. To reduce sodium intake, limit the consumption of processed foods and choose fresh foods whenever possible.

7. Monitor Medications

Certain medications can affect bone health and increase the risk of fracture and osteoporosis. Therefore, it is important to regularly monitor medications and discuss any potential effects with a physician. Additionally, individuals should ensure that their daily calcium and vitamin D intake is adequate in order to support bone health.

8. Practice Safe Behavior

Practicing safe behavior can help reduce the risk of falls and fractures. This includes wearing appropriate footwear, using handrails on stairs, and removing tripping hazards from the home. It is also important to have regular vision exams, as poor vision can increase the risk of falls.


Strong bones are essential for overall health and well-being, and there are many healthy habits that can help support bone health. From proper nutrition to exercise and lifestyle choices, incorporating these habits into your daily routine can help maintain bone health and reduce the risk of fractures. By taking steps to maintain bone health, you can enjoy an active and healthy lifestyle well into your golden years.

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